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Mishawaka History Timeline

Mishawaka History Timeline


Frenchman Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle becomes the first white man to explore what later became Mishawaka as he traveled up the St. Joseph River.


Alanson Hurd sends William Earl to scout for bog iron deposits in the St. Joseph Valley. Earl finds deposits near the “Twin Branches” area, three miles upriver from the future settlement of Mishawaka. Later that year, Hurd travels to the area to purchase ore and water rights.


Alanson Hurd purchases the 640 acres that are today central Mishawaka and constructs an iron works and other buildings. The village of St. Joseph Iron Works is platted to the south.


St. Joseph Iron Works begins producing pig iron, making the settlement a significant center of heavy industry. The First Presbyterian Church becomes the first religious congregation established in the village.


St. Joseph Iron Works becomes the first incorporated village in St. Joseph County.


The Indiana State Legislature consolidates four adjacent settlements of St. Joseph Iron Works, Indiana City, Barbee Town, and Fowler’s Addition into one municipality called “Mishawaka,” a term derived from the Potawatomi Indians’ language.


The Mishawaka Academic and Normal Institute, a two-story schoolhouse, is constructed at the intersection of South Main and Fourth Streets.


Church of the Holy Angels, the first Roman Catholic church building in Mishawaka, opens on Elm Street.


The Michigan Southern & Northern Indiana Railway brings the first railroad service to Mishawaka. The next year, the line is extended to Chicago.


The Mishawaka Enterprise newspaper begins publishing. It would later become the oldest business in the city.


The Springbrook Ravine trainwreck occurs west of Mishawaka, killing 39 persons and injuring 42 more.


Mishawaka men volunteer for service in the Civil War as members of Company I, 9th Indiana Infantry Regiment. After their three-month enlistments are up, a new Company I forms with three-year enlistments. James Houghton is elected captain.


James Houghton, Daniel Ungry, and Jesse Miller become the first three Mishawaka men to die in combat in any of the nation’s wars when they are fatally wounded in a charge against a Confederate artillery battery at the Battle of Shiloh on April 7.


Mishawaka soldiers in the 9th and 87th Indiana Infantry Regiments fight at the Battle of Chickamauga.


Mishawaka soldiers in the 9th, 48th, and 87th Indiana Infantry Regiments participate in General William T. Sherman’s Atlanta campaign.


The town replaces the Mishawaka Institute with a new “Union School” at First and Hill Streets. The school includes both elementary and high school classrooms. Schools on both sides of the river are unified under one superintendent.


A massive fire destroys 49 buildings on parts of three blocks in the central business district but without fatalities. Days later, the town passes an ordinance prohibiting wood frame buildings in the downtown.


Milburn Wagon Company leaves Mishawaka for Toledo; Mishawaka Woolen Company is incorporated.


Wallace Dodge opens a sawmill and factory that begin the Dodge Manufacturing Company, which later produces power transmission equipment. Mishawaka High School’s first graduating class consist of Belle Milburn and Allie VandenBosch.


Telephone service first comes to Mishawaka. Anna and Robbins Battell deed the land that becomes Battell Park to the city. Dick & Kamm Brewery becomes Kamm & Schellinger Brewery, operated by brothers-in-law Adolph Kamm and Nicholas Schellinger.


St. Joseph County Orphans Home opens on West Second Street.


Soldiers’ Monument honoring Civil War soldiers and sailors from Mishawaka and Penn Township is dedicated during the Fifth Annual Reunion of the Soldiers and Sailors of Northern Indiana, held in Battell Park.


Streetcar line using horse-drawn vehicles begins operating between Mishawaka and South Bend.


Medora Powell becomes the first black graduate of Mishawaka High School.


Mishawaka Building & Loan Association is founded. It later becomes Mishawaka’s oldest financial institution.


Horse-drawn streetcars are replaced by electric streetcars in Mishawaka and South Bend.


A municipal water works building is completed on North Church Street; the town offices are on the second floor.


Mishawaka businesses participate in the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, and hundreds of Mishawakans visit the fair. St. Joseph Catholic parish dedicates its new Gothic church.


Mishawaka voters decide to change their government from a town to a city. Manuel Fisher is elected the city’s first mayor.


Hen Island Dam begins electricity production in the Twin Branch neighborhood and is the main power source for Mishawaka and surrounding cities.


A new City Hall is built at First and Church Streets.


Mishawaka annexes 1,353 acres of property into the city limits, known as the “Great Annexation.”


Vice President Charles Fairbanks visits Mishawaka for a campaign rally and parade before the general election.


Mishawaka hosts a Historical Pageant and Fourth of July Celebration that includes a massive parade, dedication of the Hotel Mishawaka, and turning on the city’s new electric streetlight system.


Mishawaka’s population reaches 11,886 in the U.S. Census, more than double the 1900 population. A new Mishawaka High School opens at North Hill and West Second Streets. St. Joseph Hospital opens at South Spring and West Fourth Streets.


The First Presbyterian Church’s new building opens at Union and East Second Streets. Simplex Motor Car Company enters two of its cars in the inaugural Indianapolis 500.


The Methodist Episcopal Church opens its new building at East Third and South Church Streets. It was a gift from the Eberhart children in memory of their parents, Adolphus and Sarah Eberhart.


The Mishawaka Public Library opens its new building at North Hill and First Streets. Much of the construction cost is paid for by Andrew Carnegie.


Mishawaka recruits volunteer for military service in World War I. Before the war concludes the next year, more than a thousand Mishawakans will serve.


An addition is made onto St. Joseph Hospital.


A new Mishawaka High School building opens on Lincolnway East. Described as an “architectural masterpiece,” the building features an auditorium, gym, dining hall, and industrial arts classrooms.


First National Bank opens its new office at Main and Lincolnway. Mishawaka’s movie palace, the Tivoli Theater, opens on North Main Street with seating capacity for an audience of 1,400. The Twin Branch Power Plant, a coal-fired facility next to the dam, begins operation and makes Mishawaka the regional supplier of electricity.


American Foundry Equipment Company moves to Mishawaka, bringing its corporate offices from New York and its manufacturing operations from Chicago. The plant occupies the former Simplex buildings on South Byrkit Street.


St. Monica Church opens its new building at Ann Street and West Mishawaka Avenue. Seating 800, it is the city’s largest church.


Mishawaka’s population nearly doubles to 28,630 by the 1930 U.S. Census.


Mishawaka celebrates its one-hundredth anniversary with Centennial Week, which includes a parade, historical pageant, and other events.


Brothers Andrew and Herman Muldoon begin Bonnie Doon Ice Cream Company.


Mishawaka schools partner with the federal Works Progress Administration to complete a concrete football stadium for Mishawaka High. It seats 8,000 fans.


Mishawaka Rubber & Woolen Company produces specially-made fuel cells for B-25 bombers used in the Doolittle Raid on Tokyo and other Japanese cities.


Bethel College opens at Logan Street and McKinley Avenue for 94 enrolled students. Construction of Normain Heights veterans housing begins northeast of the Main and McKinley intersection.


St. Joseph Hospital opens another addition to its facility on West Fourth Street.


Production ceases at Kamm & Schellinger Brewery.


The City of Mishawaka opens its new Wastewater Treatment Plant on Lincolnway West on land that was formerly part of Lincoln Park.


The Talos surface-to-air missile, manufactured by Bendix on South Beiger Street, is first installed on U.S.S. Galveston. LaSalle School Conservation District urban renewal project begins in Hooligan Heights, impacting hundreds of homes.


Town & Country Shopping Center opens at McKinley Avenue and Hickory Road. First homes are completed in the Reverewood subdivision near Elm and Harrison Roads.


Margaret Prickett defeats incumbent Joseph Canfield to become Mishawaka’s first woman mayor.


Marian High School opens at Logan Street and Dragoon Trail.


Capt. Richard Brenneman is shot down over North Vietnam and begins 1,954 days as a prisoner of war.


Sen. Robert Kennedy makes a campaign appearance in downtown Mishawaka and speaks to several thousand people. Hotel Mishawaka is demolished to make way for a new U.S. Post Office. Mix Mansion is demolished. Merrifield Park Pool Complex opens.


The new Mishawaka Public Library building opens at South Church Street and Lincolnway East.


Mishawaka and Shiojiri, Japan, formally establish a sister city relationship.


John Young Junior High opens on North Main Street, replacing Main Junior High.


Demolition of the Northwest Block buildings begins and continues in 1975 and 1977-78. Mishawaka Police Department moves from City Hall to the former U.S. Post Office building on South Church Street.


Beiger Mansion is badly damaged in a fire, requiring years of restoration.


City of Mishawaka begins Emergency Medical Services Department under Chief Michael Hargreaves.


University Park Mall, a 964,051 sq. ft. indoor shopping center, opens on Grape Road.


The Twin Branch Power Plant is retired after 55 years of electricity generation.


The Church-Union underpass opens, facilitating traffic flow between downtown and the area south of the Conrail tracks.


Mishawaka celebrates its sesquicentennial with numerous events throughout the year, including a Princess Mishawaka contest and A Day in the Park celebration in Merrifield Park.


The Mishawaka-Penn Public Library opens its Bittersweet Branch. Production of the military Humvee vehicle begins at AM General’s plant northeast of Mishawaka.


Liberty Mutual opens its 93,000 sq. ft. Midwest underwriting office at North Main Street and Lincolnway West.


City Hall moves from First Street to the former Bingham School on East Third Street.


Construction of Edison Lakes Corporate Park begins near Day Road and North Main Street.


Five hotels open on Mishawaka’s north side. Mishawaka Police Department opens its new police station at Church and First Streets.


Uniroyal ceases production at its downtown Mishawaka plant.


Mishawaka-Penn Public Library opens its expanded and renovated downtown building, which includes the former U.S. Post Office as the Heritage Center.


School City of Mishawaka closes Beiger Junior High, Mary Phillips School, and North Side School, opens Liberty School, and moves all junior high students into an expanded John Young Junior High.


Demolition of the former Uniroyal buildings is completed by imploding the five remaining buildings and the 250-foot-tall smokestack as thousands watch.


Robert C. Beutter Riverfront Park opens on land that was formerly the Uniroyal complex.


President George W. Bush speaks at Bethel College, becoming the first President of the United States to visit Mishawaka. The foundry closes at the former Dodge plant, marking the end of 125 years of manufacturing at the site. The Capital Avenue Expressway is open from Indiana 23 to Lincolnway East.


Schurz Communication offices and the WSBT studios leave South Bend and relocate to Douglas Road in Mishawaka.


The final phase of the west Riverwalk is completed, forming a loop between the Logan Street and Main Street Bridges and parks on both the north and south sides of the river. St. Joseph Regional Medical Center opens its $355 million complex on Douglas Road.


The Diocese of Fort Wayne-South Bend consolidates St. Monica, St. Joseph, and St. Bavo schools into one Mishawaka Catholic School with three campuses.


The Capital Avenue Expressway and railroad underpass are open from Lincolnway East to the St. Joseph Valley Parkway.


New equipment and structures transform Central Park into one of the city’s most popular recreational sites.


The St. Joseph County V.A. Clinic opens on Trinity Place, east of St. Joseph Regional Medical Center.


The Mill at Ironworks Plaza opens, bringing 232 high-end apartment units to the Mishawaka riverfront. Liberty Mutual announces it will vacate its downtown Mishawaka office building.


Mishawaka reaches a demographic milestone in the 2020 U.S. Census: 51,063 residents.


City Hall relocates from East Third Street to the former Liberty Mutual building, bringing municipal offices, utilities, and police under one roof. Beutter Park’s events center and ice-skating ribbon open.